Tooth loss is very a very common problem; therefore, the use of dental implants is also a common practice. Although research on dental implant designs, materials and techniques has increased in the past few years and is expected to expand in the future, there is still a lot of work involved in the use of better biomaterials, implant design, surface modification and functionalization of surfaces to improve the long-term outcomes of the treatment. We provides a brief history and evolution of dental implants. It also describes the types of implants that have been developed, and the parameters that are presently used in the design of dental implants. Also, it describes the trends that are employed to improve dental implant surfaces, and current technologies used for the analysis and design of the implants.
Implantology is a dental technique that allows for replacement of either single teeth or entire arches by fixing ceramic teeth on top of these specifically designed “implants”.
What is an implant?
Dental implants are metal anchors inserted in the jawbone in order to support the dental surrogates (dentures, crowns or bridges) in the case of lack of natural teeth.
Implants are made of premium-quality metals such as titanium alloys, and are perfectly biocompatible. Various types of ceramic dentures are subsequently fixed onto the implants in order to create a visually beautiful and uniform result, perfectly resembling natural teeth.
Who needs dental implants?
- Patients who lack natural teeth
- Patients who are not satisfied with proper aesthetic aspect and cannot remedy the situation with other means
- Patients that cannot or will not wear a mobile unit.
- Patients with an altered mechanical function, not fixable by other means